Cosmological questions before Einstein

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Michał Heller


Einstein's first cosmological work, published in 1917, marked the beginning of relativistic cosmology, but it was well founded on earlier questions concerning the world as a whole. The paper presents three such topics: the Olbers paradox, the Seeliger paradox, and speculations concerning cosmological consequences of thermodynamics together with some of their repercussions in relativistic cosmology.

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Heller, M. (2005). Cosmological questions before Einstein. Philosophical Problems in Science (Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce), (37), 32–40. Retrieved from