On Nonfoundational Reasoning

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Bartosz Brożek


The goal of the paper is to describe the role and structure of nonfoundational reasoning, i.e. a kind of argumentation that meets the revisability, the feedback, the background stability and the disputability conditions. I begin by observing that any nonfoundational reasoning has two components: the deductive and the hermeneutic. Next, against the background of Gadamer’s insightful, although somewhat vague, observations I attempt to uncover aspects of the hermeneutic component. I then proceed to reconstruct nonfoundational argumentation with the help of formal theory of belief revision, defeasible logic, and logical conception of coherence. Finally, I argue that nonfoundational reasoning is the backbone of both scientific endeavours and philosophical inquiry.

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How to Cite
Brożek, B. (2014). On Nonfoundational Reasoning. Philosophical Problems in Science (Zagadnienia Filozoficzne W Nauce), (56), 5–32. Retrieved from https://zfn.edu.pl/index.php/zfn/article/view/25


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